نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

خانواده نظام اجتماعی به نسبت بسته‌ای است که مرزهای قابل نفوذی دارد و اینترنت نوعی فنّاوری است که در آن رخنه کرده است. ورود ابداعات فنّاورانه به خانواده‌ها، تغییراتی را در هنجارها و نقش‌ های اجتماعی به وجود آورده است. نوجوانی دوران گسترش رابطه با دوستان هم سن و سال و درگیر شدن در روابط اجتماعی است. اهداف:1. شناخت نظر والدین و نوجوانان درباره مسائلی مانند مرزهای خانواده، قدرت والدین، خودمختاری نوجوانان و گسترش حوزه‌ های اجتماعی نوجوانان. 2. شناخت انواع شیوه‌های مداخله و نظارت والدین در استفاده نوجوانان از اینترنت. روش: این پژوهش با روش اسنادی انجام شده است. نتایج: 1. استفاده از فنّاوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات نوجوانان را در معرض اطلاعات بسیار زیادی درباره هر موضوع، در هر زمان و در هر مکان قرار داده است؛ 2. دسترسی کودکان و نوجوانان به هرزه‌نگاری از طریق اینترنت، ساده‌تر از روش‌های سنتی آن است؛ 3. نوجوانانی که با والدینشان احساس نزدیکی می‌کنند، در مدرسه موفق‌ تر هستند. 4. اینترنت زمانی را که والدین و فرزندان با هم سپری می‌کنند، کاهش می‌دهد. 5. زمان اختصاص یافته به خانواده با تعارضات خانوادگی رابطه منفی دارد. تلویحات: 1. قبل از انتقال از مطالعات مربوط به تلویزیون به مطالعات مربوط به اینترنت، به کارهای نظری و عملی بیشتری در مورد شبکه‌ های اجتماعی، که برای شکل‌دهی و تداوم روابط ایجاد می‌شوند، نیاز است. 2. درباره منشأ و دلایل ایجاد تعارض بین والدین و نوجوانان پژوهش‌های بیشتری مورد نیاز است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Examining the Impacts of Internet on Families with Adolescents

نویسنده [English]

  • Esmaeil Sadipour

assistant prof. in psychology of Allameh Tabatabaee Uni.

چکیده [English]

Family is a relatively closed social system with penetrable borders infiltrated by the Internet. The penetration of the technological innovations into families has created changes in social norms and roles. Adolescents typically make friendship with peers and get involved in social relationships. The present study aims to give insights into adolescents and their parents’ opinion on such issues as family borders, parental power, adolescents’ autonomy, and examine parental mediation in adolescents’ usage of the Internet. The findings of this study indicate that usage of information and communication technologies exposes adolescents to unlimited and unnecessary volume of information on any subject, anytime and anywhere. It also reveals that children and adolescents access to pornography through the Internet has become easier than through traditional media. Further results are as follows: those adolescents who feel closer to their parents are more successful in the school; the Internet reduces the time of interaction between parents and their children; the time allocated to family members has negative relationship with familial conflicts.
 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • The Internet
  • Family Adaptation
  • Family Borders
  • Familial Mediation
  • Adolescent

 

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