نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار بنیاد دانشنامه‌نگاری ایران

چکیده

فنّاوری‌های اطلاعات و ارتباطات، به عنوان فنّاوری غالب در هزاره جدید معرفی شده‌اند. این فنّاوری‌ها با سرعت بخشیدن به فرایند مبادله اطلاعات و کاهش هزینه‌های داد و ستد، به ابزاری برای افزایش بهره‌وری، کارآیی و رشد در تمامی حیطه‌های فعالیت بشری تبدیل شده‌اند. مزایای بالقوه این فنّاوری‌ها زمانی قابل حصول است که در بین تمام بخش‌های جامعه توسعه و گسترش یابند. در مقاله حاضر، نظریه‌های فردی پذیرش فنّاوری‌های اطلاعات و ارتباطات، ازجمله نظریه نشر نوآوری، مدل پذیرش فنّاوری، نظریه رفتار هدایت شده، پارادایم انتظار‌ـ تائید و نظریه یکپارچه پذیرش و استفاده از فنّاوری و نظریه‌های سازمانی شامل مدل تناسب بین وظیفه و فنّاوری، چارچوب فنّاوری‌‌ـ ‌سازمان‌ـ ‌محیط و چارچوب تناسب بین افراد، وظیفه و فنّاوری، شرح داده می‌شوند و در نهایت، متغیرهای تاثیرگذار بر کاربران برای پذیرش فنّاوری‌های اطلاعات و ارتباطات، معرفی می‌شوند. 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Common Theories on Acceptance of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs

نویسنده [English]

  • Masud Rezaee

Assistant prof. of Iran Foundation of Encyclopedia Journalism

چکیده [English]

Information and communication technologies are widely thought as the new millennium’s dominant technologies. Speeding up information exchange and decreasing the cost of trade, these technologies continue to serve as a tool for boosting productivity, efficiency and growth in all fields of human activities. The potential benefits of these technologies are only achievable when they stretch through various domains of society. The present article discusses a range of theories on acceptance of information and communication technologies including, Diffusion of Innovations Theory (DIT), Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), Expectancy-Confirmation Paradigm, Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT), and organizational theories including Task-Technology Fit (TTF) model, Technology-Organization-Environment (TOE) framework and Fit between Individuals, Task and Technology (FITT) framework. Finally, variables affecting users’ acceptance of ICTs are introduced.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Motivation
  • Acceptance
  • Information and Communication Technologies (ICTS)
  • Innovation

 

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