نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دکترای علوم سیاسی، استادیار دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

درگیرشدگی مدنی ازجمله ملزومات بنیادین مردم‌سالاری و شهروندی است. از ربع پایانی سده 20 به بعد با پدیده‌ای به نام «انفجار اطلاعات و آگاهی سیاره‌ای» روبه‌رو بوده‌ایم. اینترنت از یک‌سو‌، اطلاعات و نگرش‌های دموکراتیک را گسترش داده و از سوی دیگر نوعی مشارکت سیاسی جدید برخط (اینترنتی) را موجب شده است. در این نوشتار با بررسی نتایج برخی از مهم‌ترین مطالعات کمّی انجام شده، این نظریه برجسته شده است که اینترنت بر درگیرشدگی سیاسی جوانان و بزرگسالان تحصیلکرده‌تر در دو نوع یادشده (برخط و غیر برخط) تا حد به نسبت خوبی (نه قوی و زیاد) تأثیر‌گذار بوده است. بر‌اساس این مطالعات، نویسنده در پایان مدلی زمینه‌گرا در زمینه تأثیر اینترنت بر مشارکت سیاسی ارائه داده است.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Internet on the Citizens’ Civil Engagement

نویسنده [English]

  • Khalil-allah Sardarniya

Assistant prof. in political science of Shiraz University

چکیده [English]

Civil engagement is one of the foundational requirements of democracy and citizenship. Since the last quarter of the 20th century, we have been facing a phenomenon called “Information Explosion and Planet Awareness”. Internet, on the one hand, has expanded our democratic knowledge and view, and on the other hand, it has brought a new political participation online. Discussing findings of some of the most important qualitative studies carried out in this field, the present article highlights the theory that internet has had a relatively good influence on adolescents and educated adults’ political engagement in these two ways: online and non-online. Based on these studies, the author has offered a contextual model for internet effect on political participation.
 
 


کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Civil Engaverment
  • Political knowledge
  • Internet
  • Online and Non-online
  • citizens

 

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