نوع مقاله: شبکه اجتماعی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای روابط بین‌الملل، دانشگاه اصفهان

2 دکترای روابط بین‌الملل، گروه علوم سیاسی، دانشیار دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان

10.22082/cr.2019.98164.1734

چکیده

اینترنت به‌عنوان مهم­‌ترین ابزار ارتباطی عصر حاضر، تنها در انحصار دولت­‌ها و نهادهای بین­‌المللی نیست؛ چرا که دسترسی آسان به این فناوری سبب شده است تا در اختیار افراد و گروه­‌های مختلف؛ حتی گروه‌های تروریستی قرار گیرد. داعش را می‌توان ازجمله گروه­‌های تروریستی سازمان‌یافته‌ای دانست که نه‌تنها از نسل اول اینترنت برای پیشبرد اهداف خود عبور کرده؛ بلکه به دنبال به‌کارگیری ابعاد اجتماعی و معناگرایی نسل دوم و سوم اینترنت در فضای مجازی بوده است. از‌این‌رو، پژوهش حاضر به این پرسش مهم پاسخ می‌دهد که داعش چگونه از سه نسل وب (وب 1، وب 2، وب 3) برای پیشبرد اهداف خود استفاده کرده است؟ در مقام پاسخ، قابل ذکر است که پیشرفت فناوری‌­های ارتباطات سبب شده است تا تروریسم از شیوه‌­های سنتی برقراری ارتباط با جهان خارج، دست شوید و به حوزه­‌های گفتمانی منعطف سه نسل وب وارد شود. داعش با به‌کارگیری این سه نسل توانسته است علاوه بر فعالیت‌های عقیدتی، تبلیغی و کسب حمایت­‌های مالی، در برقراری ارتباط بین هواداران و جلب ‌توجه جوانان برای عضوگیری در سراسر جهان به‌نحوی موفقیت­‌آمیز عمل کند. البته داعش به لحاظ سلطه سرزمینی، (اکتبر 2017) نابود شده است، اما بی­‌تردید، استفاده از انواع وب را در دنیای دیجیتال ادامه می‌دهد. هدف از این پژوهش تبیین شناخت فناوری­‌های ارتباطات از سوی داعش برای اهداف سیاسی بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

How ISIS Employs Three Generations of Web

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeideh Moradifar 1
  • Ali Omidi 2

1 International Relations

2 Associate Prof. in International Relations, Isfahan Uni.

چکیده [English]

Internet as the most important communication tool in this era is not monopolized by governments and international institutions. Easy access to this technology has made it available to individuals and groups, including terrorist groups. ISIS can be considered as an organized terrorist group that has not only proceeded Web1 to advance its goals, but has also sought to use the social and semantic dimensions of Web2 and Web3 in cyberspace. So, this article is to respond to this important question: How did ISIS use the three generations of Web (Web 1, Web 2, Web 3) to advance its goals? It should be noted that the advancement of communication technologies has led terrorism to abandon the traditional ways of communicating and enter the flexible discursive domains of the three generations of Web. By using these three generations of Web, ISIS has been able to succeed in communicating with supporters and attracting young people's attention to recruiting around the world, besides ideological, propaganda and financial support activities. of course, it has been destroyed in terms of territorial domination (in October 2017), but undoubtedly, continues to use all kinds of Web in the digital world. The purpose of this article was to explain how ISIS recognized the communication technologies for its political purposes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Terrorism
  • Web 1
  • Web 2
  • Web 3
  • ISIS

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