نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 دکترای مدیریت ورزشی، استادیار گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

3 دکترای هوش مصنوعی، استادیار گروه رایانه، دانشکده آمار، ریاضی و رایانه، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

با رشد رسانه‌های اجتماعی، کارکرد آنها در ورزش، به‌طور مداوم افزایش ‌یافته و توجه پژوهشگران ورزشی به این نقش و کارکرد، پیش از پیش جلب شده است. هدف پژوهش حاضر مرور تمامی مقالات منتشر ‌شده در مجله‌های ورزشی طی 10 سال گذشته با رویکرد مرور نظام‌مند بوده است. بانک اولیه مقالات، 156 مقاله را شامل ‌شده که با توجه به‌عنوان و واژگان کلیدی که (دربرگیرنده) یکی از واژه‌های رسانه اجتماعی، توییتر، فیس‌بوک، اینستاگرام، یوتیوب، پینتسرت یا اسنپ‌چت بوده، انتخاب شده‌اند. سپس و با توجه به تاریخ انتشار آنها (2010-2019) 137 مقاله، دانلود و در مرحله بعدی، با مطالعه کامل چکیده 23 مقاله از بانک مقالات کنار گذاشته شد. یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد که تعداد مقالات انتشاریافته و نظریه‌های به‌کار گرفته شده در آنها از سال 2010 تا 2019 به‌مرور افزایش‌ یافته است. گوناگونی نظریاتی که پشتوانه پژوهش‌های مرور شده بوده‌اند، مؤید این است که ورزش همچنان به‌عنوان یک حوزه چندوجهی در نظر گرفته می‌شود اما رویدادهای ورزشی مانند جام‌های ‌جهانی و المپیک‌ها، حوزه‌ای هستند که در مطالعات رسانه‌های اجتماعی ورزشی کمتر به آنها توجه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

A Systematic Review of Sports-Related Studies on Social Media

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Latififard 1
  • Marjan Saffari 2
  • Rsoul Norouzi Seyed Hossini 2
  • Mohammad Bahrani 3

1 Sport Management

2 Assistant Prof. in Sport Management, Faculty of Humanitarian Science, Tarbiat Modares Uni., Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Prof. in Artificial Intelligence, Computer Department, Faculty of Statistics, Mathematics & Computer, Allameh Tabataba'I Uni., Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Social media function is constantly increasing and sports researchers have attended to this role and function more than ago. The purpose of this study was to review all articles published in sports magazines during the last 10 years with a systematic review approach. The initial article database consisted of 156 selected articles, which according to the title and keywords included one of the terms of Social Media, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, Pinterest or Snapshot. Then, according to the publication date (2010-2019) and studying abstracts, 137 articles were selected and downloaded. The findings showed that the number of published articles and theories used in them has increased from 2010 to 2019. The diversity of theories supporting the reviewed researches suggests that sport is still considered a multifaceted field, but sporting events such as the World Cup and the Olympics are areas that receive less attention in sports social media studies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social Media
  • Communication Theories
  • Systematic review
  • Users
  • Sports Communication

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